What do you mean?: A beginners guide to Terpenes.
I always thought biology was cool, so it makes sense that Im now examining weed under microscopes.😎 But if you wanna be a weed nerd, you HAVE to know your terpenes. Once you understand the details, you can really use the plant medicinally and with purpose. (check out the next article for weed science). But did you know there's terpenes in more than cannabis? I didn't. Let's dive in.
Photo credit: Monoterpenes and Their Derivatives—Recent Development in ...
What are Terpenes?
Terpenes are a class of compounds found in plants that are believed to play a role in protecting plants from being harmed or eaten by animals or insects. They also contain elements that give them their unique aromas, flavors and medicinal properties. Terpenes are typically found in essential oils and are responsible for producing a variety of different smells that can evoke different feelings. As more research is done, scientists are discovering more and more interesting facts about terpenes and their effects on humans.
The most common type known are monoterpenes, and are often described as having woody, citrusy, floral, and even herbal aromas. For example, the terpene limonene is found in citruses such as lemons and oranges and can evoke a feeling of happiness! This is found in most sativa which gives me the sense of euphoria I love. In addition, menthol is a monoterpene that can also have a calming and cooling effect.
Photo: Part 4: Terpene Hydrocarbons—Sesquiterpenes - doTERRA
Sesquiterpenes are another type of terpene known for their deep, rich, and earthy aromas. They are found in plants such as cloves, vetiver, and patchouli(love), and can produce feelings of tranquility or grounding. One particular sesquiterpene called caryophyllene is known for a strong peppery smell, and has been found to have potential calming effects. This is the only terpene known to also act as a cannabinoid meaning it can activate our endocannabinoid system(ECS) to provide anti-inflammatory effects.
The last type of terpene, diterpenes, are known for their intense and woody aromas. They are found in evergreens such as pine trees and can evoke feelings of connection and balance with nature. Two specific diterpenes, pinene and camphene, are associated with pine and have been found to have potential anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial properties. Hint: Pinene is in my new strain!
Terpenes can be used in various ways, from aromatherapy to providing flavor for food to of course, smoking! The best part is their effects on humans can be both physical and psychological. Through more research, we are learning more about the potential therapeutic benefits that terpenes have to offer, and how different aromas can evoke different feelings. As I understand this class of compounds more, I'll be using them in a more purposeful and mindful way when I make my strains! 🥰✨
Looking for some more Cannabis related content? Checkout the business behind the “smoke” 🔥Unlocking the success of MjBizCon